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Mountain Wireless Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi is short for "Wireless Fidelity".  It's a low-powered connection to exchange data over a short distance. Wi-Fi can be transmitted from a single unit, or offered in a network with a large number of interconnected base stations. These channels are also known as "unlicensed spectrum".

Wi-Fi Frequency Bands and Channels:

  • 2.4 GHz
    • 2,400 MHz to 2,500 MHz
    • 12 Channels US, 13 or 14 Channels in other parts of the world

  • 5 GHz
    • 5,000 MHz to 5,900 MHz
    • 50 Channels

  • 6 GHz
    • 5,900 MHz to 7,200 MHz
    • 100-200 Channels
    • This band has been assigned by the FCC but is not yet in use

Wi-Fi Technologies:
  • 802.11
    The engineering standard for Wi-Fi

  • 802.11b/g/n/ax
    Normal speeds at 2.4GHz

  • 802.11a/h/j/ac/ax
    Higher speeds at 2.4GHz or 5GHz

  • 6e
    The newest generation of Wi-Fi (not to be confused with 6G Wireless) with connection speeds that can accomodate 5G Wireless speeds.
    Uses the 6 GHz band (5.925 to 7.125 GHz)

  • Wi-Fi 7, 802.11be
    The next generation of Wi-Fi using multiple portions of the above bands, yielding double the speeds of Wi-Fi 6. Final standards are still under development.

Bluetooth uses the same channels as Wi-Fi Low:
2.4 GHz
  • 2,400 MHz to 2,500 MHz

NFC (Near Field Communications):
  • 13.56 MHz
    Yes, that's next to the 20-Meter shortwave ham band!

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